the games (ludus) or celebrations were originally a sort of religious ceremony for the Romans, a rite made to win the benevolence of the gods, rituals with a blessing or commemorative purpose.
The games (ludus) could be four types: “theatrical”, “circus”, “athletic” or “hunting”.
In the Flavian Amphitheatre, the most famous arena in the ancient world, gladiators flights (munera), hunting shows (venationes) and, at the beginning, naval battles were held. Executions were also performed in the arena, but it is not proven historically that the martyrdom of the Christians took place here.
The shows varied and were sometimes very cruel, but sometimes they were closer to circus shows with trained animals.
In any case, every show required vast and effective organisation and thus very high costs.
During the games, the Colosseum housed a huge crowd in its stands, ready to see extraordinary shows with greed and excitement. Try to imagine over 50,000 spectators jumping out of their skins and enjoying the blood of the gladiators and ferocity of the beasts…
Today, we enjoy the silence of the Colosseum, its nocturnal atmosphere and the moment it lights up every time a nation abolishes capital punishment somewhere in the world. Today we like it this way, even without its beautiful marbles; purified by time.